In its quest to join the European Union, Albania is trying to destroy a large chunk of its economy: An 800-strong police force is seizing bags filled with marijuana and burning plantations around the village of Lazarat, which by one estimate has been producing some 900 metric tons of the stuff a year.
The socialist government of Prime Minister Edi Rama apparently hopes that the destruction will help win over EU officials who have a number of problems with the deeply corrupt, lawless, predominantly Muslim country. One is blood feuds, a phenomenon the Albanian authorities have found hard to quantify even though it has severely damaged the country's reputation. Another is a commercial dispute between Albania and the Czech power company, CEZ, an investor in its power distribution system. Then there is the drug trafficking: Albania is not only a major growing nation but also a transit hub for African and Middle Eastern drugs that flow into neighboring Greece and Italy and thence to the rest of Europe.
Although Albanian officials have been promising to fix all this, they have focused on one theme: Europe should accept Albania to send a positive signal to the Balkans. "We are far from being angels but everyone has made a clear choice -- to make peace for the sake of the European perspective," Rama said in a recent speech. For some unfathomable reason, this has been a convincing argument for the Europeans, who are likely to grant Albania candidate status next week -- a huge credibility boost for Rama and his nation that, judging from the experience of Turkey, does not necessarily bring the country any closer to EU accession. No matter what European bureaucrats say, Albania is in much worse shape both economically and in rule of law terms than even Bulgaria, the EU's poorest member today.
If Albania can be accepted as a candidate, why not Ukraine? Despite the armed conflict raging in its eastern regions, it is at least not a major staging ground for drug trafficking or bloodthirsty medieval traditions. Foreign investors are more welcome under pro-business President Petro Poroshenko than under any other Eastern European government. The EU won't dare make the move, of course, for fear of further provoking Russia.
In order to avoid double standards, Brussels should consider legalizing marijuana throughout the EU. Then, Albania with its well-developed cannabis industry could be welcomed to the union as a country with a legitimate, honorable specialization. At prevailing prices in Colorado, which recently legalized recreational use of marijuana, the annual output of Lazarat would be worth about $7.6 billion, equivalent to nearly a third of Albania's gross domestic product at purchasing power parity. The legalization in Colorado has brought in $7.3 million in taxes in the first three months and hasn't led to a perceptible rise in crime.
If Europe wants prospective members to meet its economic standards, it should allow them to do what they do best.
To contact the author on this story:
Leonid Bershidsky at firstname.lastname@example.org