For two neighbors who don’t trust

Relations between the two former imperial powers became

So when, in 2010, some commentators and legislators in

Two events in quick succession triggered the debate in

To some Americans, Turkey seemed to be picking Iran’s

There followed a torrent of frenzied articles, in the

That Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan called

Trade between the two neighbors rose to $16 billion in

With such interests at stake, Turkey objected to the

Turkey has no interest in having a nuclear-armed Iran as

Yet Turkey has even less enthusiasm for war, waged by

The preference for a diplomatic solution to the Iran

U.S. withdrawal has allowed Iran to firm its grip on

But the most important area of competition between the

Forced to choose, the Turkish government sided with the

As they wrestle with each other in Iraq and Syria, the

(Soli Ozel is a professor of international relations at

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To contact the author of this story:
Soli Ozel at

To contact the editor responsible for this story:
Marc Champion at